Physical Geography 102
Surface Water Study Guide

After the "Surface Water I" and "Surface Water II" lectures and readings you should be able to answer and discuss the following questions.

What is surface water? Give examples of the various types of surface water.

Define what a stream is in terms of its shape and size.

What are the common names for streams and their size?

Describe overland flow and the two forms of overland flow.

Describe stream flow.

Within which part of the stream is flow velocity greatest? Explain why it is greatest within this part of the stream.

Define stream discharge and the equation used to calculate it.

What is stream gradient and how is it measured?

What is stream load?

Describe a stream drainage basin.

What is the importance of a drainage divide?

Define flooding.

What is the flood stage?

List and describe the causes of flooding.

Upon which features are flood predictions made?

What are lakes?

Describe how lakes are destroyed through natural processes.

What are the three main forms of surface water pollution?