Regional Geography 105
Physiography of Chile
The chain runs from the northern coast of Colombia and Venezuela to the southern tip of Chile and Argentina.
Many peaks are over 6,000 meters
Highest peak is:
Began forming when South American continent split away from African continent (Plate Tectonics).
As it moved westward, a subduction zone developed on the west coast.
Oceanic crust moved underneath the continental crust.
Melting of rock and mantle material creates magma beneath the surface. Magma erupts on surface creating chain of volcanoes and lava flows.
What is a glacier?
Ice will flow under pressure
______ meters of accumulation is necessary before flow will occur.
Necessary climatic conditions:
Main Glacier Types
Types of glaciers found in Chile
Other glacial features:
Desert Regions are defined as:
Five types of deserts
Rainshadow deserts form when mountain ranges block the passage of moist air
Moist air is forced up and over the mountain range - loosing the moisture in the process
When the air descends the leeward side of range it becomes dry and arid
Independent nation in 1818
Total Area: 756,950 sq km (Montana x 2)
Population: 16,300,000 (mid-2007)
Ethnic groups: Mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 95%, Amerindian 3%, other 2%
Religions: Roman Catholic 89%, Protestant 11%
Government type: Republic