Regional Geography 105
North Africa and Southwest Asia
Physiography - Climate
Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea, Persian Gulf, Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean
- Sahara, Libyan, Syrian, Afar Triangle, Sinai, Negev, An Nafud, Arabian
- Atlas, Zagros, Hindu Kush
- Iran, Anatolian
- Arabian, Sinai, Asia Minor
Rivers & Cultural Hearths
Aswan High Dam
Radically changed the hydraulic system of the Lower Nile
Hydroelectric power generation
Problems resulting from dams:
Major trade routes between Europe and the Orient - historical economic influence.
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) - modern economic influence.
Oil: What the United States Uses
July ______: ___________ million barrels of oil per day
___________ million barrels of oil per day - Imported
___________ million barrels of oil per day - Domestic
Leading Oil Supplying Countries to the U.S.
Islam - the religious faith of Muslims
A Moslem is one who believes "there is no god but God, and Mohammed is the messenger of God"
Allah is Arabic for God.
Islam is based on “literal word of God” as revealed to Mohammed - Mecca, 571 - 632 AD
Believed to be last and final prophet chosen by God
God’s revelations recorded in Koran
Five Pillars (fundamental duties, practices and beliefs of Islam)
1) Repeated expression of the basic creed; "There is no god but God, and Mohammed is the messenger of God"
2) Daily Prayer - five times daily
3) Ramadan - month of daytime fasting
4) Giving of Alms - to the poor and Mosque
5) Hajj - pilgrimage to Mecca
Youngest of the major world religions
Conceptual roots: Judeo-Christian Tradition
To Muslims: Islam is a continuation and rectification of Judaism and Christianity.
Believe Jews and Christians have deviated from God’s word.
Islam is prevalent throughout the realm
Some countries are Islamic Republics
Islam in the World Today
Why the current focus on Islam and Terrorism?
Does Islam promote violence and terrorism?