Regional Geography 105
Chile: Volcanoes, Glaciers and Deserts Study Guide

After the lecture and reading the "Chile: Volcanoes, Glaciers and Deserts" articlesyou should be able to answer and discuss the following questions.

On the continent of South America, what is the extent of the Andes Mountains?

What is the highest peak in the Andes Mountain range?

Briefly describe how the Andes formed.

How did many of the individual peaks within the Andes form?

Along what type of Plate Tectonic boundary does the Andes Mountains parallel?

What is a glacier?

Of what are glaciers composed?

How thick does a glacier need to be before it will begin to flow?

What does the climate need to be like in order for a glacier to form?

Where do these climatic conditions exist on Earth?

Glaciers which occur in mountainous terrain are called ___________ glaciers.

Glaciers which occur on and cover large land masses are called ___________ glaciers.

List some of the types of glaciers that form.

What is a desert?

What are the various types of deserts?

How does a rainshadow desert form?

What are some of the features of the Atacama Desert that make it unique when compared to other deserts?

Which major metal ore deposit is found in the Atacama Desert?

Approximately how many people live in the Atacama Desert today?

What other industry in the Atacama region has recently begun to attract many Europeans, North Americans, and Chileans?