Historical Geology 102
Evolution Study Guide


After the "Evolution" lecture and readings you should be able to answer and discuss the following questions.

What is evolution?

What are some of the various ways in which this term has been applied?

What is the biologic theory of evolution?

What is the basic premise of evolution by Natural Selection?

Who developed this theory?

What is really meant by the term "Survival of the Fittest"?

How is genetic information transmitted from one generation to the next?

What is mutation and how does it affect the transmission of genetic information?

What are the general ways in which mutations may occur?

What is the relation between mutation and fitness?

Are mutations harmful, neutral or beneficial? Why?

Does a mutation in a species mean it becomes a new species?

When does mutation result in a new species?

Define allopatric speciation.

Define phyletic gradualism.

Define punctuated equilibrium.

Define, compare and contrast divergent evolution, parallel evolution, and convergent evolution.

What evidence is there to support the theory of evolution?

What is comparitive anatomy?

What is embryology?

What is geographic distribution?

What are fossils?

What is taxonomy?

What is the importance of taxonomy?

What are the division, from largest group to smallest, in the taxonomic classification scheme?

How are humans classified according to this scheme?

What is the taxonomic relationship between a human and a chimpanzee?

What is the taxonomic relationship between a human and a blue whale?

What is the taxonomic relationship between a human and an alligator?

What is the taxonomic relationship between a human and a jellyfish?

What is extinction?

What is the difference between extinction and pseudoextinction?

What is the difference between extinction and a mass extinction?